With an increasing number of options on the market, it’s becoming harder to sort through the noise and find the best Pillow For Dowager’S Hump that suits your particular needs.
That’s why we’re here to assist you in picking the best Pillow For Dowager’S Hump . We have gone through the difficult process of evaluating every product in detail to find the best one. Whether you’re buying for the first time or looking for an upgrade. Brace yourself for everything you need to know about buying the best product available.
So Without further ado, let’s jump right in!
Here is our Top 10 Recommendations!
Top 10 Best Pillow For Dowager’S Hump in 2022
- Relief neck pain in just 10 minutes.
- Simple and effective physical solutions to sooth away stiff neck, helps in restoring proper cervical curvature associated with consistent use.
- Dense and soft foam design provides sturdy, lightweight, and comfortable base.
- Can't be used as an ordinary pillow all night long.
- Normally you will need 1-3 days to adapt to this pillow, because your neck needs time to familiar with the new corrector curvature. You will enjoy an extreme comfort after you get used to it!
- 【10 MINUTES A DAY, KEEP NECK PAIN AWAY】Are you trouble with cervical spine problems, neck pain, headache and so on ailments that are caused by long time work? ZAMAT cervical traction pillow helps you soothe away the stiff neck, relax and rejuvenate neck and shoulders in 10-20 mins. Studies found that cervical traction devices significantly reduced neck pain. Now choose our neck relaxer, dramatically reduce your awful pain and stiffness without medication and unnecessary surgeries!
- 【SIMPLY ENJOY MAGNETIC THERAPY WITH ZAMAT PILLOW】The cervical pillow is covered with breathable and soft magnetic therapy cloth that implanted millions of permanent magnetic particles. It is not only sweat-resistant and cooling but also promotes blood circulation, eliminates neck pain and muscle stress, helps alleviate fatigue. Firm polyurethane foam gives the neck stable and flexible support. Both pillowcase and pillow of ZAMAT neck support pillow is machine washable, liberate your hands!
- 【ERGONOMIC DESIGN & SHIATSU MASSAGE】ZAMAT ergonomic cervical pillow conforms with the correct form of cervical spine, perfectly match with the human curve. When you lie down on it, it offers vertical, horizontal support and curves stretch for more complete neck traction therapy. Furthermore, 6 massage granules evenly right on neck muscle areas, provide an acupressure shiatsu massage to the cervical spine, greatly relieve cervical neck pain and stiffness, help cervical spine alignment.
- 【RELIEF YOUR PAINS EVERYWHERE YOU WANT】ZAMAT neck traction, your nice companion no matter at home, office, travel. Different from most traditional cervical traction systems, this neck support pillow for neck and shoulder pain is easy to use, just simply and comfortably lying down in couch or bed, even simply lean on this neck stretcher while working in front of computer. Its 0. 7 lbs weight and small size let you can carry it anywhere. Moreover, we also provide a storage bag.
- 【ATTENTION & CUSTOMER SERVICE】Please DO NOT use this as an ordinary pillow, DO NOT use it more than 20 minutes or all night. Normally you will need 1-3 days to adapt to this pain relief pillow because it needs time to fit your neck contour. This pillow is a versatile orthotic, helps in restoring proper cervical curvature, reliefing headache, cervical syndrome, TMJ, pinched nerves and so on. If you have any question with our product, please contatc us and we will reply whithin 24 hours.
- 2 in 1 Cervical Pillow: HOMCA memory foam pillow combines a neck roll pillow and a contour pillow, you can sleep on both sides. The neck pillow features an ergonomic design to help support and aligns your head, neck, shoulder and back in a neutral position, allowing you to drift off into uninterrupted slumber and wake up feeling fresh
- Quality Sleep: Hypoallergenic rayon/polyester proprietary blend pillow case feels silky soft and smooth to keep you cool and comfortable throughout the night. You will fall asleep faster and deeper. All material are chemical free for better health
- Armrest Design: There are specific grooves that allows your arms to go under for comfortable sleep. You can lay on your stomach and warp your arms around the wings for perfect support. This cervical pillow for neck pain is suitable for all kinds of sleeping posture
- Ergonomic Orthopedic Pillow: The neck support pillow is made of pure memory foam. Premium firm and not too soft to provides the maximum comfort and greatly ease your head, neck, shoulder and back muscle while you sleep on your back or side
- Removable Pillowcase: HOMCA neck pillows for pain relief sleeping is fine texture, feel soft, not wool, not the ball. It is very easy to clean, machine washable. HOMCA is committed to providing the best quality and service
- REDUCE NECK & BACK PAIN: Proven contour design perfectly supports and aligns your head, neck, shoulder, and back. Bringing a reduction of stress in the cervical vertebra and spine. Improving sleep and relieving neck and shoulder pain, discomfort rejuvenating your body.
- ERGONOMIC DESIGN: Elviros contour pillows are well designed to support by following the curve of your body keeps air passages optimal for less snoring and more restful sleep.
- TWO HEIGHTS---DESIGNED FOR BACK & SIDE SLEEPING: SIZE 64*(12.5/10.5)*38cm/25.2 x (4.1/4.9)*15inch (L*H*W).
- 100% PREMIUM MEMORY FOAM PILLOW: Elviros ergonomic sleeping pillow core is made of high- density slow rebound memory foam. That will provide sleeping firm support with amazing comfort and softness.
- REMOVABLE BREATHABLE PILLOWCASE: A breathable surface lets air circulate to keep the pillow cool while you sleep.
- Ergonomic Pillow - XTX memory foam contour pillow is well-designed to fit the curve of the human cervical vertebrae, perfectly supporting and aligning your head, neck, shoulders and back. The cervical pillow will help you reduce pain and stress, allowing you to breathe more freely and sleep more soundly.
- Orthopedic pillow - This contour pillow can be used in different sleeping positions. Whether you are a back sleeper, side sleeper or stomach sleeper, our orthopedic pillows for neck pain can provide your body with natural spine support and scientific cervical traction, reducing snoring and making your sleep more peaceful.
- Cervical Pillow - Our memory foam pillow are certified by OEKO-TEX and CertiPUR-US. All materials are chemical-free, bringing you a healthy and fresh sleeping environment. The pillow core uses high-density slow-rebound memory foam, which achieves a perfect balance between firmness and softness.
- Contour Pillow - The contoured pillow for neck support has double pillowcases, all made of breathable and skin-friendly materials to keep the pillow cool while you sleep. The outer cover can be easily removed with a zipper, and it can be hand-washed or machine-washed, so you can always keep it clean and fresh.
- Neck support pillows for sleeping - Good sleep starts with our ergonomic pillow. The exquisite XTX cervical memory foam pillow is an ideal housewarming gift, birthday gift and holiday gift for parents, friends and relatives, expressing your care to your loved ones.
- [CUT DOWN ON SLEEPLESS NIGHTS WITH THIS SUPPORTIVE PILLOW]: If you've recently had time to complain about morning NECK PAINS as a result of your sleep, then you might want to consider the ZAMAT contour pillow. This contoured cervical pillow is designed to cradle the natural curvature of your neck, provides incredible support for spine alignment, and is guaranteed to never have you waking up with any shoulder, back, spine, nor neck pain again.
- [ODORLESS MEMORY FOAM, SLEEP QUALITY ENSURED]: If you're sensitive to the smell of memory foam pillow's off-gassing or just want something all-natural, this contour sleeping pillow is a must-have! It is ergonomically-sound and made with high-quality odorless memory foam that is CertiPUR-US certified in order to give you solid support when you're on your side, back, or stomach, while the memory foam material conforms to your body so you wake up pain-free!
- [ADJUSTABLE DESIGN, EASY TO CUSTOMIZE]: For neck pain sufferers, the shape of pillow is neither too high nor too low, so our adjustable neck pillow is a great option. The orthopedic pillow contains an REMOVABLE MEMORY FOAM PAD (about 0.8" thick). To change the loft, simply unzip the pillow, add or remove the fill from the main chamber. Additionally, if it too thin for you, please reach to us for an EXTRA MEMORY FOAM PAD. For low pillow sleepers, rotating the pillow 360° will meet your needs.
- [REMOVABLE & WASHABLE PILLOWCASE]: The pillow's medium feel creates a comfortable balance of pressure relief and support, while the quilted cover adds some additional comfort and breathability. Built with double pillowcases, the outer cover made of moisture-wicking bamboo and polyester that's machine-washable for easy cleaning, the stretchy polyester liner helps the pillow hold its shape, and perfect for keeping you cool throughout the night. NOTE: THE MEMORY FOAM SHOULD NEVER BE LAUNDERED.
- [WORRY FREE WITH 100% SATISFACTION]: Finding a great ergonomic pillow that can help reduce your neck problems is an efficient way to improve your sleep each night. We can guarantee that you will not be disappointed considering the many outstanding features it has to offer. We provide a 100% satisfaction solution in the rare case you do not enjoy the product, if you need any assistance, please feel free to contact us.
- ✦Safe and comfortable materials:The cervical neck traction device is made of high-quality self-skinning foam material, and does not contain any harmful chemical components. It is gentle and does not irritate the skin.The strong and micro-elastic material can provide safe and strong neck support for the cervical spine, so you don't have to worry about the cervical traction being deformed by pressing.
- ✦Ergonomic curve design: The massage point design on the surface of the neck traction can perfectly fit your neck acupoints and provide you with a comfortable massage.It is worth mentioning that our neck traction device also has a concave and convex design.The traction force of the convex surface is weak, and the traction force of the concave surface is strengthened. This neck stretch is friendly to first-time users because it allows the cervical spine to have a gradual adaptation process.
- ✦Simple and effective physical solution: It only takes 10 minutes to achieve neck relief. Helps restore proper cervical curvature associated with continued use.The traction neck can help recover from tension and stress-related problems, including headaches, cervical syndrome, tension at the base of the skull (such as knotted muscles) and TMJ.
- ✦Portable and durable: Small size and light weight. No matter where you are, you can take a neck alignment device with you. Normally you will need 1-3 days to adapt to this neck corrector, because your neck needs time to familiar with the new corrector curvature. You will enjoy an extreme comfort after you get used to it! (Tips: In order to give you the best experience, please place the product in a ventilated place for 3-5 days to eliminate the odor after receiving the product)
- ✦Busy City Rhythm: Regardless of work or life, we are almost in a state of sedentary. In such a high-pressure lifestyle, we are forced to cause cervical vertebrae, back spine, shoulder pain, etc, we are in need of a correct neck stretcher for neck pain to help relieve.Neck corrector is suitable for office workers, drivers, breastfeeding mothers and students.(If You Have Any Questions About The Neck Stretcher,We Will Provide Unconditional Help/Replacement / Full Refund)
- Original Backpod - The Backpod has helped thousands of people improve their posture and breathe easier through targeted, effective relief. Developed by professional physiotherapists to be incredibly accurate and effective. Don’t trust anything but this original.
- Costochondritis - Proven time and again to be effective for the direct, at home, treatment of Costochondritis, Tietze’s Syndrome and a range of other thoracic upper spine, and back rib issues. The Backpod is super strong and durable enough to allow for the direct flex of specific (locked) back rib and spinal joints, like yoga for your back
- iHunch - Pain can result in the upper back and neck area from prolonged use of smartphones and computers. The Backpod is perfect for helping to treat this, with regular, gradual use it allows for a gentle flexing motion to remobilize the tight areas.
- Great for Posture - By regular usage of The Backpod it is possible to pull a hunched spine back towards a pain-free perfect posture position. Breathe easier and feel the release through your chest and ribcage
- One Time Investment - Save money on expensive, in person, professional manipulation. The Backpod is designed to last as long as you require it and be convenient to use at your own home or work, whenever you need it
- Restore - Helps in restoring proper cervical curvature associated, with stiff neck, military neck, straight neck, and forward head tilt with consistent use.
- Pain relief -Aides in releasing neck and shoulder tension. Helps soothe headaches and migraines. Provides pain relief from TMJ and other cervical spine alignment issues.
- Durable - High quality soft 100% felt cover - removable and washable. The ultimate neck and shoulder relaxer cervical traction device in the market.
- Comfortable - Dense and firm wedge foam design provides sturdy, lightweight, and comfortable base.
- Safe - Non-toxic and hypoallergenic foam product used. Breathable foam with bamboo cover helps mitigate odors.
- 【 2 in 1 Cervical Neck Pillow 】 This pillow is different from traditional pillows, it combines a Neck roll Pillow and a Cervical Pillow in One. The unique concave shape will fit the neck and will fill the gap with the neck and gently stretch the neck. Neck sleeping pillow provides neck support and relief for all sleepers and neck pain, you will wake up feeling fully recharged and ready to take the day. Ideal for cervical spine stretched, neck pain relief.
- 【 Ergonomic Design Neck Pillow 】 The cervical contour design perfectly aligns your head, neck, shoulder, and back, neck support pillow give you good support and reduces the stress in the cervical vertebra and spine, thus effectively relief muscle tension. Perfect curvature helps the vertebrae stay relaxed, keeps neck and shoulders aligned, and maintains the natural curvature of the spine, so the neck traction pillow can be used as a posture pillow to adjust cervical curvature.
- 【 Neck Pillow for Sleeping 】 Neck support pillow for sleeping helps relieve the debilitating effects of sciatica, arthritis, headache, post-surgery pain, helps the vertebrae stay relaxed, keeps the neck and shoulders aligned, and maintains the natural curvature of the spine.
- 【 Memory Foam Pillow 】 The neck pillow core is made of memory foam with a slow rebound feature, durable and keeps shape without getting flat or become hard for long time use. Perfectly aligns the neck, preventing the impact caused by head downward, support your head, neck, and shoulder properly. Ultra soft neck bolster pillow can make you sleeping in luxury comfort.
- 【 Washable Pillowcase 】 Our neck pillow comes with a premium, skin friendly hypoallergenic, removable zipper breathable pillowcase, easy cleaning.
- RELIEF; This clever neck and shoulder relaxer from PUBUCI is engineered to help give you relief from neck and back discomfort; Our neck posture corrector helps take pressure off your cervical area and can assist in managing pain and tension; Live the active life you deserve with PUBICI’s inflatable neck traction cushion
- POSTURE; This cervical traction and neck pain pillow is engineered to encourage a better posture and help with misalignment; Our neck relief device promotes a natural cervical curve and can assist in relieving strains and pinches; For a neck brace for neck pain and support that’s a cut above the rest, trust only PUBUCI
- QUALITY; Each inflatable neck brace has undergone stringent quality inspection and many hours of development; Our neck traction device is crafted to the highest standards; The PUBUCI promise is this; if we wouldn’t use this neck stretcher cervical traction cushion ourselves, we won’t sell it
- STRONG; This inflatable cervical pillow for neck pain from PUBUCI features super strong design crafted from durable materials; This cervical neck traction device is designed to be super tough and withstand a lifetime’s use; When you need advanced neck support that will hold up under any conditions, choose PUBUCI
- EASY USE; People love this posture pillow because it’s so easy to inflate; Our cervical neck traction features a built in pump that makes filling up the spine stretcher quick and headache free; What’s more, this neck support for pain relief is non itchy, soft to touch and crafted for a universal fit
- Amazon Kindle Edition
- Sharpe, Sheldon T., D.C. (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 304 Pages - 07/01/2021 (Publication Date) - McFarland (Publisher)
- Ernst, Edzard (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 208 Pages - 08/15/2020 (Publication Date) - Springer (Publisher)
- ✔ 【 Who Need Heated Neck Stretcher? 】 Are you suffering from neck pain? Prolonged bowing your head, sit still for a long time, improper sitting posture, stiff neck will cause your neck pain. You need a simple and effective physical solution, associated with consistent use, to help relieve neck pain and pressure, bulging discs, pinched nerves, sore muscles, TMJ and tension headache relief. Relief neck pain in just 10 minutes.(Can't be used as an ordinary pillow all night long)
- ✔ 【 How Does Neck Traction Pillow Work for Neck Pain Relief?】 Ergonomic design, the curve of neck relaxer matches the cervical spine. When you lie down, it offers vertical, horizontal support, and Curvature stretch for neck traction therapy, allowing the cervical traction pillow to position the head to reduce spinal pressure, support the cervical spine and help restore the C-shaped curve of the neck. Combined with hot compress therapy, it will help muscles relaxer, blood circulation.
- ✔ 【 Where Can You Use This Neck Relaxer? 】 It can be used on hard surfaces, such as home floors, outdoor flat ground, and it can also be used on soft surfaces, such as sofas, beds or yoga mats. This cervical neck stretcher is lightweight and portable. Easy to carry on and storage. Ideal neck and shoulder relaxer for home use, office and travel relaxing, so that people can enjoy cervical stretcher more comfortably to ease work or travel neck fatigue.
- ✔ 【 Thermal Therapy 】 When you choose to use USB heating neck traction pillow, combined with graphene heating pad therapy, help relax tight muscles in the neck and jaw, help release tension and pressure, and help blood circulation. The USB heating neck traction pillow has 3 adjustable temperatures and 3 hours automatic shutdown function, provide you with comfortable temperature. Just plug the USB cable into the power bank, PC or USB adapter (5V=1A charger/DC USB input).
- ✔ 【 What’s The Material? 】 This cervical neck traction stretcher device is made of high-density self-skinning foam. The firm and sturdy base offers a strong support for the cervical spine. neck traction device is durable and not easy to deform, stretching assisted by gravity, creates the optimal amount of traction needs according to your body weight.
- ❄【NEW MATHOD OF CERVICAL RELAX】 - Neck Stretcher ,Simple and effective physical solutions for cervical neck traction to soothe away stiff neck, correct neck curve, Please be sure to continue using it for 1-2 months for the best results Helps in restoring proper cervical curvature associated with consistent use.Neck and Shoulder Relaxer Patented in CN, Patenting in US and Global. Please respect the Original Authority.
- ❄【Neck Pain Relief with Magnetic Therapy Pillowcase】 - Cervical Neck Traction Device ,Dense and soft foam design provides a sturdy, light-weight, and comfortable base.The neck pillow is covered with soft and breathable magnetic therapy cloth, which can promote blood circulation, prevent sweat and cool down, eliminate neck pain and muscle pressure, and help relieve fatigue.Neck support pillow is machine washing, liberating your hands.
- 【NECK STRETCHER,CONVENIENT & EFFECTIVE】- Neck Traction Devices, Alignment Lying on this cervical traction pillow for 8-10 minutes per day, you will easily get an effective relief for your neck and shoulders,including headaches, cervical syndrome, tension at the base of the skull (such as knotted muscles) and TMJ.Convenient for you to take it with you wherever you are. Relieve your cervical neck pain anytime and anywhere while working, reading, driving or watching TV.
- ❄【HIGH QUALITY MATERIAL】Neck cloud - cervical traction device,Neck Cloud made of high quality self-skinning foam, light-weight, and comfortable base.Offer you a great support for cervical vertebra.Totally safe and super easy to use.Best experience for you, Recommend that you open the package after receiving the product and place the product in a ventil place for 3 -5 days to eliminate odor.（Warm reminder :CAN'T BE USED AS an ordinary pillow all night long!）
- ❄【SERVICE】Cervical Traction Device for TMJ Pain Relief and Cervical Spine Alignment, Chiropractic Pillow Neck Stretcher with Magnetic Therapy Pillowcase.Normally 7 days to adapt to this pillow needs time to fit your neck contour, you will enjoy an extreme comfort after you get used to it! ABABGO product has a 1-year satisfaction service policy. If you are not satisfied after 1 month of use, Please feel free to contact us customer service,we will provide assistance/replacement or a full refund.
Things to Consider Before Buying the Best Pillow For Dowager’S Hump
Now, when you do research prior to buying the best Pillow For Dowager’S Hump, there are certain things you need to consider. Because these considerations come into play by ensuring that you do not end up with the wrong choice.
Finding the perfect Pillow For Dowager’S Hump is not rocket science and doesn’t require extensive research. Some important features which you should look out for are described below.
While there are numerous brands on the market, the truth is not all of them can give you the features you may need.
We’ve done the legwork of locating the most reputable brands around for you. Choosing from these, you’ll be much less likely than going to a store and grabbing something without considering the brand and everything behind it.
Durability is one of the primary features which are important for most products. They don’t often have long lifespans and require replacement every now then.
Before you buy any product from the store, make sure you know about the material well. Sometimes, many people buy the wrong product even after spending a lot of bucks. Why do they do that? Probably because they don’t know which material ensures ultimate durability.
You should always focus on the quality of a product before getting it. Make sure it’s sturdy and built to last. No matter whether it’s made of wood, metal, plastic, aluminum or steel.
Features of Pillow For Dowager’S Hump
Before deciding on a specific product, be certain that it has all the necessary features you require.
If you’re unsure concerning something, don’t hesitate to ask the manufacturer. That way, you can make the right purchase that provides precise results.
Quality of the Pillow For Dowager’S Hump
The quality of the product is an important factor. If you happen to get one with low-quality material, you will have a tough time trying to maneuver them.
Whatever you choose to buy, the quality should be first-rate. You don’t want to waste money on something that looks or feels cheap when what you desire is elegance, coziness, and style.
Cost shouldn’t be an issue if you’re willing to invest in a high-quality product. An inexpensive product often has great features, so you get great value for your money.
However, expensive products don’t necessarily mean to be of exceptional quality. We prefer to say you select something that fulfills your needs.
Ease of Use
People feel more comfortable using products that come with a straightforward process of use.
So, you should always look for the ones that come with an easy to use process. You can find different designs, so you should choose the one that comes with more convenient features.
It is always recommended to have a product with a warranty, however, it’s not compulsory. However, if the brand provides warranties for a certain timeframe, then certainly, it’s a favorable deal.
The product size is one of the most important aspects to consider before purchasing a Pillow For Dowager’S Hump. You need to know what kind of product you want to buy to best fit your needs.
It is essential to buy a product that addresses your needs based on your product dimensions. Spending money on something you will likely need is a waste of money. You should choose a product that will meet your needs based on its power.
Many products with countless designs are available in the market. Some designs are redundant, and others aren’t as efficient. Make sure you know what you do and whether the tools you choose will help you do your job better.
No matter how passionate you are about your occupation or work, your safety must always be a top priority. Since you’ll be using Pillow For Dowager’S Hump make sure it has all the features that ensure the safety of the users. You do not want to experience any kind of accident.
Don’t just pick any brand, no matter how excellent, inexpensive, or available it is. Ensure that safety measures have been considered.
Materials of the Pillow For Dowager’S Hump
We advise not to buy products from brands that don’t specify the materials they use unless we’re sure the product is made with good quality materials. It’s important to be confident about a purchase before you make one, so when the materials used aren’t clearly specified, it makes us doubt the product’s quality.
It’s imperative to consider what material will work best for your requirements before you make an investment since you could find yourself wasting your money.
As you know by now, there are various types of Pillow For Dowager’S Hump available in the market. You have to understand the pros and cons of individual types of products before picking the perfect one for your needs.
It is best to compare the advantages with each other before determining the perfect type.
Before you can utilize a product, often there are some fundamental guidelines that must be followed to get the most out of it. While some people may be able to just figure it out on their own, others may need an instruction manual.
Instruction manual is designed to provide you with information about how to use the product. The manual also goes over the safety precautions and explains how to recognize potential hazards. So you should buy the product that comes with an instruction manual.
When you are planning to buy a Pillow For Dowager’S Hump, you will definitely think of its performance because nobody wants to waste his money buying a wrong product. So, check ins and outs of the Pillow For Dowager’S Hump from user’s review, forums and expert people before you pick a specific model.
It can be frustrating when you buy something and then it turns out three days later that it is not what you need. With a little thought and effort, it is possible to avoid this by purchasing a versatile product that has multiple uses. You can use one product for many purposes. This can save time on products that may not get used up quickly.
You can also use the product in different ways, depending on the need at the time. In this way, you can also save money as you’ll just need to purchase the perfect one.
When you are planning to buy a Pillow For Dowager’S Hump, you will definitely think of the accessories availability in the market. Because anytime soon, it may cause damages due to unwanted accidents at any stage of its usages.
Some products also come in bundles, where they have a combo package of the necessary items that you may need with it.
Yup, color does matter! When you are planning to buy a Pillow For Dowager’S Hump from dozens of models, you will definitely wish to get your desired color. As, color is the symbol of choice, aristocracy and represents your personal taste.
We have reviewed some of the best Pillow For Dowager’S Hump considering this option of course.
A Pillow For Dowager’S Hump is highly compact in order to have a high usage capacity. Compactness also ensures good portability and easy handling of a unit. Because if Pillow For Dowager’S Hump doesn’t comes handy, you may face it tough to manage while using it.
After reading our buying guide, you will get the answers for the following questions:
Selecting the best item from a group of choices is a difficult job. We hope that our effort in finding the best Pillow For Dowager’S Hump has contributed something to you.
To help you make the right choice, we have included reviews of our top choices, a thoroughly researched buying guide, and a simple comparison.