Are you looking for the best Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies? You might find it difficult to determine which products are best to buy. This confusion occurs due to the different types of products that are present in the market.
No need to worry because we are here to help you find the best Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies After hours of research, we have put together a list of products that can be just what you need. We have also included a buying guide and answered some questions to clear any doubts you may have.
Here is our Top 10 Recommendations!
Top 10 Best Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies in 2022
- OZONE FREE: Levoit air purifiers avoid using UV-C light, an air cleaning method that research has shown can produce harmful ozone and secondary pollution
- HIGH PERFORMANCE: Enjoy fresh air in minutes with the Core 300 True HEPA Air Purifier. Featuring VortexAir Technology and 360° air intake, the Core 300 cleans spaces up to 547 ft² in 30 minutes, 219 ft² in 12 minutes (CADR: 141 CFM / 240 m³/h). Only products over 6 pounds can be equipped with such powerful motors that optimize the air cleaning performance
- FIND RELIF: Ease sneezing, congestion, and other allergy symptoms caused by airborne contaminants. The H13 True HEPA Filter works alongside the Pre-Filter and High-Efficiency Activated Carbon Filter to capture 99.97% of airborne particles 0.3 microns in size, such as dust, smoke, pollen, odor
- OFFICIAL LEVOIT FILTERS: Search for B07RSZSYNC or Core 300-RF to find Levoit's Core 300 replacement filter. Levoit filters provide the best fit and filtration, while off-brand filters are unreliable and may damage the air purifier
- MULTIPLE FILTER CHOICES: Choose from a variety of replacement filters to best meet your needs. The Toxin Absorber Filter specializes in smog, toxins and VOCs. The Smoke Remover filter specializes in wildfire, smoke and etc. And the Pet Allergy Filter helps to capture pet dander and absorb unpleasant odors
- 【Effective 3-Part Filtration System & Certified】 The pre-filter, H13 true HEPA filter, and high-efficiency activated carbon filter removes 99.97 percent of particles as small as 0. 3 microns, our air purifier for home trapping dust, pollen, smoke, cooking odor or pet odor, pet dander, wildfires, mold, VOCs, and allergies. Energy Star certified and available for California.
- 【Sleep Mode & Display Off】 In sleep mode the fan is blowing less than when it’s on the lowest regular setting, the HEPA air purifier is running with the lowest noise level 24.5dB to help you sleep deeply. If you are a light-sensitive sleeper, the display light can be turned off completely to help you enjoy a perfect night of sleep.
- 【Smart Filter Reminder & PM2.5 Air Quality Monitor】 Our ozone-free air purifier is easy to remember when to change the filters with a built-in filter lifetime indicator, we recommend replacing the air filters every 2,500-3,000 hours depending on the air quality and frequency of using the odor eliminators (Please search C350-RF to get filter replacements). It’s also easy to know your room's current air quality with a PM2.5 sensor.
- 【Auto Mode & Timer Setting & Kid Friendly】 In auto mode, the smart air purifier adjusts the fan speed based on your indoor air quality. You can also leave the smoke eater run all the time or set a timer for 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours to save energy. Long press the lock button for 3 seconds to prevents kids or your pets from tampering with any of the other buttons or settings.
- 【5 Fan Speeds and Large Coverage】 Our air cleaner allows you to choose a suitable speed from Ⅰ to Ⅴ based on indoor air quality and space, suitable rooms up to 226ft² (22m²) with CADR rating of 250m³/h, create cleaner, healthier air for your living room, bedroom, office, basement and kitchen. Please remove the plastic package before use.
- Our high-quality, medical-grade air purifier for home use captures tiny unwanted particles traveling through your home.
- Built with advanced 4-in-1 technology, our HEPA filter air purifier features a washable pre-filter, small dust & premium activated carbon filter, and a HEPA air filter.
- Ideal for households with pets, smokers, or lots of cooking, our air purifiers for home (large room or small room) keep your living space odor-free.
- Our HEPA air purifier does not produce trace amounts of ozone, making it a safe choice for your family. Complete with a front panel and pre-filter panel, our air purifiers for bedroom use are great for homes with a baby, cat, or dog.
- Sleek and stylish, our decor-friendly air purifier with washable filter is a must-have for your home or office. Note: Replace filters every 2-6 months for optimal results.
- [TRUE HEPA AIR PURIFIER]: Filters out particles as small as 0.3 microns including dust, pollen, pet dander, PM 2.5 and other air pollutants. Perfect for bedroom, bathroom, office, RV or hotel room.
- [ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY AIR CLEANER]: Equipped with 3-Stage Filtration system including Pre-filter, TRUE HEPA Filter, Activated Carbon Filter, this purifier can effectively remove odor and smoke, such as pet odor, cigarette smoke and cooking odor around your living space, with zero harmful Ozone emission.
- [EFFICIENT AIR PURIFICATION]: The 360-degree air intake and outlet maximize the amount of fresh and healthy air provided to all directions, improving the air circulation in your room. It can clean 50 cubic meter air per hour in normal mode.
- [EASY OPERATE, SIMPLE DESIGN]: Using this air purifier couldn't be easier. It takes one single press of the same button to turn it on/off and control the fan speed, while press and hold the same button to switch on/off the light. The minimalist design makes it look elegant and sleek and fit any style of room decor.
- [WHISPER QUIET, ENERGY-SAVING]: At quiet mode, the noise is controlled with our unique noise-reducing fan blade design. You will barely be able to hear it at arm's length. And its rated power is only 8W, making it affordable to run all day long.
- 100% OZONE-FREE: The Vital 100 is completely ozone free and never uses UV-C light, which the research has shown can produce harmful ozone and secondary pollution.
- POWERFUL PERFORMANCE: With a CADR of 130 CFM/ 221 m3/h, the Vital 100 is perfect for living rooms, bedrooms, and kitchens. Covers 300 ft²/ 28 m² in only 18 minutes. (Only products over 6 pounds can be equipped with such powerful motors that optimize the air cleaning performance)
- 3-STAGE FILTRATION: Comes equipped with a washable pre-filter for large particles like lint and fur, a High-Efficiency Activated Carbon Filter for toxic fumes and unpleasant odors, and an H13 True HEPA Filter, which captures at least 99.97% of airborne particles 0.3 microns in size.
- SLEEP COMFORTABLY: With noise levels as low as 23 decibels, the Vital 100 won’t keep you up at night. You can also turn off the display lights when it’s time for bed.
- USER-FRIENDLY: Set a timer for 2, 4, or 8 hours whenever you like. The Check Filter Indicator will let you know when it’s time for a fresh filter.
- HIGH PERFORMANCE AIR FILTER: 3-layer H13 HEPA Filter can capture 99.99% of airborne particles 0.3 microns in size, such as allergies, pet dander, smoke, dust, pollen, odor, wildfire smoke and VOCs. Featuring 360° air intake, the KOIOS room air purifier refreshes the air 5x per hour in rooms as large as 219 ft²/20 m² and 2X per hour in 430ft²/40m² space.
- SILENT AIR CLEANER: Choose Sleep Mode at night while sleeping or resting. The air purifier for bedroom will operate at a near-silent 20dB at low speed. Display light can be turned off at any mode, allowing you to enjoy a sweet dream.
- 4 TIMER SETTINGS, 4 FAN MODES AND NIGHT LIGHT: The 1-2-4-8 hour timer allows you to set the run time of purifier to suit your needs. Adjust 4 fan speed mode (Sleep/Low/Med/High) to capture as much air pollutants as required. Soft night light that prevents falls and can be turned off as needed. Press the top power button for 3 seconds to turn ON/OFF the night light when the machine is running.
- ENERGY-SAVING & SLEEK DESIGN: With a rated power of 13W, the air purifier for dust uses little energy, costing less than 5 cents per day (15.9 cents/kWh) even when being used 24 hours. The sleek design and modern black finish help the small air purifier fit anywhere in your home/bedroom/room.
- OFFICIAL CERTIFIED FOR SAFER: KOIOS air purifiers for home large room are 100% Ozone-free and avoid using UV-C light. Complies with California air resources board (CARB) for indoor cleaning devices. Also FCC certified, ETL listed. Free replacements for quality problems within 2 years.
- Neutralize Stinky Smells: Cute as they are, pets can smell sometimes. Now introducing Custom High-Efficiency Activated Carbon Filter - the effective odor eliminator for pet odors, litter box smells, and cooking smoke.
- Perfect for Pet Parents: Experiencing coughing, congestion, or breathing difficulties caused by pets. Levoit Core P350 provides H13 True HEPA Filtration to reduce sneezing, itchiness, and stuffy nose by purifying the air you breathe.
- Cleaner House: Did you know an air purifier can help you spend less time cleaning. It's possible with P350. The fine Non-Woven Fabric Pre-Filter traps large floating particles such as pet fur, hair, dust, and lint, helping to reduce the amount of debris on your floor and furniture.
- Sleep Safe & Sound: Don't ever worry about your furry friend being disturbed by the air purifier - Sleep Mode turns display indicators to half-brightness and keeps noise levels as low as 24dB, so you can sleep while cuddling with your cute little one.
- Safety First: Unlike other air purifiers, the Core P350 doesn't use ions to purify the air, keeping your pets safe from harmful exposure to certain particles.
- 3-IN-1 AIR PURIFIER FOR HOME - True HEPA air filter reduces up to 99.97% of harmful germs, dust, pollen, pet dander, mold spores, and other allergens as small as .3 microns from the air
- KILLS GERMS - UV-C light helps kill airborne viruses such as influenza, staph, rhinovirus, and works with Titanium Dioxide to reduce volatile organic compounds
- TRAPS ALLERGENS - Pre-filter traps dust, pet hair, and other large particles while extending the life of the HEPA filter
- REDUCES ODORS - Activated charcoal filter helps to reduce unwanted odors from pets, smoke, cooking fumes, and more
- QUIET OPERATION - The lowest setting can be used as gentle white noise at night for a quiet, restful sleep
- DIRTY AIR RELIEF! No need to struggle ineffective and fake "HEPA" Air purifiers. From the intuitive app with its wide range of functionality to the award-winning sleek design, the Core 400S is hard to beat which filters your space in a matter of minutes
- LARGE PURIFICATION AREA + 360° AIR INTAKE--PERFECT CHOICE FOR YOUR LIVING ROOM/ PLAYROOM/ BEDROOM! The powerful VortexAir technology brings air in from 360°, which is why it can purify your 403 ft² space 5 times an hour, 990 ft² space 2 times an hour!
- H13 True HEPA Filtration: Ease sneezing, congestion, and other allergy symptoms caused by pollen, mold and more. High-Efficiency Activated Carbon Filter to protect you from wildfire smoke and other odors!
- Official Levoit Filters: Search for B08SQQK6K7 or Core 400S-RF to find the Levoit Personal True HEPA Replacement Filter. Levoit replacement filters provide the best fit and filtration, while off-brand filters are unreliable and may damage the air purifier
- SENSITIVE AUTO MODE--SET IT AND FORGET IT!: With exclusive AirSight Plus Technology-internal lasers that measure air quality, automatically adjust the fan speed accordingly, and deliver real-time readings for you. It reads the air—so it can clean the air!
- OZONE FREE: Use your purifier with peace of mind. This Levoit air purifier is 100% ozone free and does not use UV-C light or anion purification methods that can cause harm to the user
- PROFESSIONAL AIR CARE: The H13 True HEPA Filter works alongside the Pre-Filter and Activated Carbon Filter to target dust, pollen, pet dander, VOC's, tobacco smoke, household odors from pets, cooking, and other allergies. Better than H11 HEPA, H13 HEPA filters 99.97% of airborne particles 0.3 microns in size
- EXTRA-LARGE CLEANING AREA: The LV-H134 purifies air in 2340 ft² rooms in one hour, and 1170 ft² rooms in 30 minutes (CADR 530), making it perfect for living rooms, bedrooms, apartments, offices, kitchens, basements and playrooms. The wheeled design helps to bring fresh air to every room of your home
- POWERFUL DESIGN: Enjoy the fresh air on all sides with help from the air purifier's tower structure and 360° air circulation for quick, efficient filtration
- UNDISTURBED REST: Sleep soundly by turning off the display light, setting a timer for up to 12 hours, and selecting Sleep Mode for noise levels as low as 23dB
- High Performance: 【Compact but Powerful】CADR 100cfm(170m³/h), Air Changes for Fresh for 4 Times Per Hour in a 200 f² (18.5m²) Large Room;【360°Filtration System】Patented Air Fan Captures 99.97% Airborne Particles into the Purifier and Filters by H13 True HEPA Filter, Coming Out with Clean Fresh Air for Whole Family
- Smart & Automatic:【AUTO MODE】Fan Speed Adjusts Automatically According to the Air Quality; 【2-4-8H TIMER】;【SLEEP MODE】Lights Could be Turned Off and Air the Air Purifier Creates only 28DB Noise;【NIGHT-LIGHT MODE】Enter 2-Level of Night-Lights when Air Purifier is Standby
- High-Technology: 【Build-in Air Quality Sensor】Runs and Detects Surrounding Air Quality Instantly, and 4-Colors of the【AQ Light】Indicates 4 Levels of Air Quality ( Red - Polluted Air | Orange - Normal Air | Green-Good Air | Blue-Pure Air ) ; You Could See How Quick the Purifier is Purifying the Air in The Room
- 4-Stage H13 True HEPA Filter: TD-1500 Air Purifiers Come with a Inserted 【H13 HEPA Air Filter】It removes 99.97% of Airborne Pollutant Particles As Tiny As 0.3 Micron: ① Pre-filter [captures hairs, furs and pets dander] ②True HEPA Filter [removes smoke, dust, pollen] ③ Activated-Carbon Filter [eliminates odor, smell, vocs] ④ Protective Net Filter [stop any particles going into the air fan system and protect the machine]
- Packages & Spare Parts: 【Package Includes】 1 x Air Purifier , 1 x Hepa Filter Inserted, 1 x Customer Manual Book; 【Replacement Filter】is Available In TredyHome Store (Search ASIN: B08152MLP4)【The Filter Usually Lasts for More than 6 Months if You Use it Normally and Clean up Every 1-2 Weeks with Vacuum Cleaner】
- REFRESH YOUR AIR TODAY: Still struggling with allergy symptoms and unwanted odors? Breathe clean air with the effective Levoit LV-H128 Desktop True HEPA Air Purifier—perfect for anyone wanting to improve their indoor air quality
- 3-STAGE DUAL-FILTER DESIGN: Dirty air in, clean air out. Unlike conventional air purifiers, the 3-stage filtration system with dual-sided H13 True HEPA filters captures at least 99.97% of airborne particles 0.3 microns in size
- WHISPER-QUIET: Babies are easily woken up by noises and sleep deprivation can negatively impact their well-being. This air purifier keeps noise levels as low as 28dB and has a Sleep Mode, so you and your family can feel well-rested every night
- Official Levoit Filters: Search for B08H8QNW1S or LV-H128-RF to find the Levoit Personal True HEPA Replacement Filter. Levoit replacement filters provide the best fit and filtration, while off-brand filters are unreliable and may damage the air purifier
- WHISPER-QUIET: Looking for stress relief after a high-pressure day. Add 2-3 drops of your favorite essential oils to the aroma pad and enjoy natural fragrance throughout your space
- MOOKA B-D02L AIR PURIFIER FOR LARGE ROOM - With the high-efficiency filtration system, the air purifier covers an area up to 430ft²(40m²). 6 air changes per hour in 215ft², 3 air changes per hour in 430ft². Modern design fits in any space from small to large rooms, bedrooms, living rooms, offices, nurseries, kitchens and basements. Perfect for pet owners, allergics, babies, children, the elderly, or anyone wanting to improve the air quality.
- H13 TRUE HEPA AIR PURIFIER – The pre-filter, H13 true HEPA filter and high-efficiency activated carbon filter capture allergens, pet hair, dander, smoke, odor, and large dust particles, in addition to removing all airborne contaminants as small as 0.3 microns. Powerful efficient Air filter cleaner prevents respiratory problems, allergic reactions, and asthma.
- ULTRA-QUIET, ENERGY-SAVING & SAFE - Thanks to the new brushless motor, the 20dB noise level is almost voiceless. It cleans your air, doesn't affect your work, study or sleep. Running in low power makes it extremely energy-saving. Child lock prevents error operations caused by pets or children. The replacement filter should be replaced every 3-6 months depending on the environment and usage frequency (Search for B08PK4WM4W).
- 4 TIMER SETTINGS, 4 FAN MODES, AND NIGHT LIGHT – 4 timer options (1H/2H/4H/8H) allow you set the air purifier operating time. Adjust the required fan speed mode (Sleep/Low/Med/High) to capture as much air pollutants as required. Soft night light, that prevents falls, can be turned off to enjoy the perfect dreaming. Press the top power button for 3 seconds to turn ON/OFF the night light when the machine is running.
- WORRY-FREE FOR LONG USE - We love our customers and take pride in providing a pleasant shopping experience. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us. We will do our best to resolve your problem quickly and effectively. Tips: Please remove the new filter plastic bag before running the air purifier.
- 3-STAGE AIR PURIFICATION: Clean your air from 99.97% of particles dust, pollen, pet dander, smoke, and household odors. Stage 1: Pre-filter and activated carbon filter; Stage 2: True HEPA filter; Stage 3: UV-C light
- BUILT-IN UV-C LIGHT: Adds a deeper level of cleanliness by safely eliminating up to 99.9% of viruses and bacteria. (Staphylococcus albus (95.8%), Escherichia coli (96.6%), Aspergillus niger (88.2%), H1N1 (99.9%) independent testing)
- 3 FAN SPEEDS: Use the easy touch-button control panel to find your optimal fan setting with low, medium, and high options
- ENERGY-EFFICIENT & EASY TO USE: Touch-button technology allows you to choose between 3 fan speeds and 3 timer settings to save energy or run continuously
- WHAT YOU GET: 3-in-1 air purifier, 3-in-1 filter, UV-C light bulb, and Pure Enrichment’s guaranteed 5-Year Warranty. Our customer support team provides daily quality service and peace of mind to millions worldwide all from a brand you can trust.
- Purify your air – Our 5-in-1 filter system targets pollen, dust, pet dander, VOC’s, smoke, and odors. Our H11 HEPA filter captures 99.9% of particles down to 0.3 microns.
- What you get – Smart air purifier, True HEPA filter set, remote control, manual, 2-year warranty, award-winning customer support 7 days a week, and the peace of mind that comes from a trusted American brand.
- Remove odors, smoke, & VOC’s – Both an air cleaner and odor eliminator, our air purifier features a unique honeycomb activated-carbon filter that absorbs odors, smoke, and VOC’s. With a state-of-the-art fan and motor, enjoy clean air delivered quietly and efficiently in your home, bedroom, office, kitchen, basement, dorm, apartment, or living room.
- Breathe easier – Nothing feels better than breathing clean air. Read our 10,000+ reviews and see just how much our air purifier can assist and support the body’s natural response during allergy season.
- Smart air purifier – In AUTO mode, a smart air quality sensor detects pollutants in your air, adjusting the fan speed in real-time. A digital display on the unit reveals your air quality level, so you always know what you’re breathing.
Things to Consider Before Buying the Best Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies
Now, when you do research prior to buying the best Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies, there are certain things you need to consider. Because these considerations come into play by ensuring that you do not end up with the wrong choice.
Finding the perfect Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies is not rocket science and doesn’t require extensive research. Some important features which you should look out for are described below.
While there are numerous brands on the market, the truth is not all of them can give you the features you may need.
We’ve done the legwork of locating the most reputable brands around for you. Choosing from these, you’ll be much less likely than going to a store and grabbing something without considering the brand and everything behind it.
Durability is one of the primary features which are important for most products. They don’t often have long lifespans and require replacement every now then.
Before you buy any product from the store, make sure you know about the material well. Sometimes, many people buy the wrong product even after spending a lot of bucks. Why do they do that? Probably because they don’t know which material ensures ultimate durability.
You should always focus on the quality of a product before getting it. Make sure it’s sturdy and built to last. No matter whether it’s made of wood, metal, plastic, aluminum or steel.
Features of Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies
Before deciding on a specific product, be certain that it has all the necessary features you require.
If you’re unsure concerning something, don’t hesitate to ask the manufacturer. That way, you can make the right purchase that provides precise results.
Quality of the Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies
The quality of the product is an important factor. If you happen to get one with low-quality material, you will have a tough time trying to maneuver them.
Whatever you choose to buy, the quality should be first-rate. You don’t want to waste money on something that looks or feels cheap when what you desire is elegance, coziness, and style.
Cost shouldn’t be an issue if you’re willing to invest in a high-quality product. An inexpensive product often has great features, so you get great value for your money.
However, expensive products don’t necessarily mean to be of exceptional quality. We prefer to say you select something that fulfills your needs.
Ease of Use
People feel more comfortable using products that come with a straightforward process of use.
So, you should always look for the ones that come with an easy to use process. You can find different designs, so you should choose the one that comes with more convenient features.
It is always recommended to have a product with a warranty, however, it’s not compulsory. However, if the brand provides warranties for a certain timeframe, then certainly, it’s a favorable deal.
The product size is one of the most important aspects to consider before purchasing a Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies. You need to know what kind of product you want to buy to best fit your needs.
It is essential to buy a product that addresses your needs based on your product dimensions. Spending money on something you will likely need is a waste of money. You should choose a product that will meet your needs based on its power.
Many products with countless designs are available in the market. Some designs are redundant, and others aren’t as efficient. Make sure you know what you do and whether the tools you choose will help you do your job better.
No matter how passionate you are about your occupation or work, your safety must always be a top priority. Since you’ll be using Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies make sure it has all the features that ensure the safety of the users. You do not want to experience any kind of accident.
Don’t just pick any brand, no matter how excellent, inexpensive, or available it is. Ensure that safety measures have been considered.
Materials of the Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies
We advise not to buy products from brands that don’t specify the materials they use unless we’re sure the product is made with good quality materials. It’s important to be confident about a purchase before you make one, so when the materials used aren’t clearly specified, it makes us doubt the product’s quality.
It’s imperative to consider what material will work best for your requirements before you make an investment since you could find yourself wasting your money.
As you know by now, there are various types of Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies available in the market. You have to understand the pros and cons of individual types of products before picking the perfect one for your needs.
It is best to compare the advantages with each other before determining the perfect type.
Before you can utilize a product, often there are some fundamental guidelines that must be followed to get the most out of it. While some people may be able to just figure it out on their own, others may need an instruction manual.
Instruction manual is designed to provide you with information about how to use the product. The manual also goes over the safety precautions and explains how to recognize potential hazards. So you should buy the product that comes with an instruction manual.
When you are planning to buy a Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies, you will definitely think of its performance because nobody wants to waste his money buying a wrong product. So, check ins and outs of the Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies from user’s review, forums and expert people before you pick a specific model.
It can be frustrating when you buy something and then it turns out three days later that it is not what you need. With a little thought and effort, it is possible to avoid this by purchasing a versatile product that has multiple uses. You can use one product for many purposes. This can save time on products that may not get used up quickly.
You can also use the product in different ways, depending on the need at the time. In this way, you can also save money as you’ll just need to purchase the perfect one.
When you are planning to buy a Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies, you will definitely think of the accessories availability in the market. Because anytime soon, it may cause damages due to unwanted accidents at any stage of its usages.
Some products also come in bundles, where they have a combo package of the necessary items that you may need with it.
Yup, color does matter! When you are planning to buy a Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies from dozens of models, you will definitely wish to get your desired color. As, color is the symbol of choice, aristocracy and represents your personal taste.
We have reviewed some of the best Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies considering this option of course.
A Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies is highly compact in order to have a high usage capacity. Compactness also ensures good portability and easy handling of a unit. Because if Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies doesn’t comes handy, you may face it tough to manage while using it.
After reading our buying guide, you will get the answers for the following questions:
Now you have a better idea about the Best Air Purifier For Smoke, Dust And Allergies. Hopefully, choosing one will be an easy task for you. For the best experience, follow our advice and recommendations. It will help you find the product.
With that, we would like to conclude here by wishing you good luck.